On October 20.10.2010, 40, the Brandenburg Ministry of the Environment published a biomass strategy. I have read the XNUMX-page text and will present some aspects of the very successful paper in today's article. I would also like to encourage all concerned and interested people to read the brochure themselves - if this has not already happened - it is worth it!
What are the contents of Brandenburg's biomass strategy?
Establishing a biomass strategy for an entire federal state that offers investment security and at the same time leaves scope for future innovations and technologies is certainly not easy. Brandenburg has now followed North Rhine-Westphalia and Baden-Württemberg RW and published its own biomass strategy. This ranges from the presentation of the current situation regarding the material and energetic use of biomass to country-specific potential. Below are a few snippets.
Integration of the biomass strategy into existing programs
The biomass strategy is designed in such a way that it fits harmoniously into existing political programs. In general, it can be said that the biomass strategy above all concretizes the objectives of the national political decisions shown in the following graphic or supplements them with new statements.
Types of biomass and sources of supply in Brandenburg
Having a uniform terminology for different biomass flows can greatly simplify planning between different market participants. Therefore, the overview of the biomass types known so far, which is provided in the brochure, is very useful and gives a comprehensive impression of the previous sources of supply. These are mentioned in the strategy paper and presented in more detail. Here is a small excerpt:
- Field energy crops
- Forest wood
- Growth of green areas
- Manure, digestate
- old wood
- Landscape maintenance material
- Biowaste / food waste
- Rapeseed cake
Cultivation situation for various renewable raw materials in Brandenburg
Of course, the current cultivation situation of various renewable raw materials in Brandenburg is also presented. The development of the acreage, which was ordered for the cultivation of the different crops in the past years, is also discussed. Estimates of the potential of different types of biomass complete the picture.
In general, it can be said that the area ordered for NawaRo's has grown significantly over the last 6 years. The area under cultivation in Brandenburg has roughly tripled from 61.000 hectares in 2004 to 190.000 hectares in 2007. The cultivation of maize alone has increased from around 50 hectares (2004) to around 20.500 (2007). The cultivation of previous exotic species on Brandenburg soils such as sugar beet, millet and Sudan grass has also increased sharply and has grown to around 2.000 hectares each (2009).
Opinions on such a development certainly differ, but the strong change also shows how lively the selection of species in agriculture is and how quickly farmers have adapted to the economic framework.
Bioenergetic plants in Brandenburg
The cultivation types and acreage form one side of the coin, but what about the following stages in the value chain? In particular, bioenergetic plants have grown significantly in recent years. The brochure on the biomass strategy offers concrete figures on the current state and shows the distribution of Biogas plants and biomass heating (power) plants on the Brandenburg counties. A small excerpt:
22 biomass cogeneration plants with an output of 157 MWel and 367 MWth are currently installed throughout Brandenburg. There are also 12 pure biomass heating plants with a minimum heat output of 1 MW. Most of the performance can be found in the counties of Teltow-Fläming, Oder-Spree and Ostprignitz-Ruppin.
The situation for biogas is as follows. There are currently 176 biogas plants with an installed capacity of 112 MWel and 125 MWth - but a further 85 plants have already been approved. The average output of a BGA in the state of Brandenburg is 640 kWel and is therefore above the average size of a biogas plant, which in Germany is around 380 kWel.
So far, the biogas has been processed into biomethane at the Rathenow, Schwedt and Ketzin sites and fed into the natural gas network.
Feldheim is the winner of the nationwide bioenergy competition
At this point I would also like to congratulate Feldheim in Brandenburg, which was one of the 3 winners (alongside Effelter and Jühnde-Barlissen) of the “Bioenergy Villages 2010” competition! The 145-inhabitant village in Potsdam-Mittelmark covers 100% of its electricity and heating requirements and has its own micro-heating network. The energy sources that help Feldheim become energy self-sufficient are mainly biogas and wind.
Legal regulations on the topic of biomass
The biomass strategy also addresses the national and EU-wide legal framework. It lists relevant laws and establishes the relationship to biomass. As far as knowledge is concerned, however, a forecast about possible changes in the law regarding the handling of biomass or wishes is not presented. The following legal texts (including regulations and guidelines) occur:
- EU Renewable Energy Directive
- EU biofuels directive
- Biomass Electricity Sustainability Ordinance and Biofuel sustainability regulation
- Renewable Energy Law (EEG)
- Biomass regulation
- Gas Network Access Ordinance and Gas Network Fee Ordinance
- Renewable Energies Heat Act
- Federal Immission Control Act
- Small Firing Plant Ordinance
- Energy tax law
- Biofuels Quota Act
- Act to change the promotion of biofuels
- Growth Acceleration Act
Naming of research institutes and funding programs for biomass in Brandenburg
The brochure presents an extensive collection of research institutes, Funding programs, Projects and associations are available which deal with the material and energetic use of biomass in Brandenburg. The list is very suitable for finding potential partners or contacts for the respective biomass usage paths. Here is a small list of the institutes and companies presented:
- Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus (BTUC)
- Brandenburg Energy Technology Initiative (ETI)
- Feldheim Energy Competence Center
- Lusatia energy region
- Research Institute Bioactive Polymer Systems (BIOPOS)
- Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Polymer Research (IAP)
- University for Sustainable Development Eberswalde (HNEE)
- Institute for Grain Processing Potsdam-Rehbrücke (IGV)
- Competence network biofuels
- Leibniz Center for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF)
- Leibniz Institute for Agricultural Engineering Potsdam-Bornim (ATB)
- Max Planck Institute for Colloids and Interfaces
- MOL solid bio fuel network
- Brandenburg Future Agency (ZAB)
The brochure also mentions other programs and projects that deal with the further development of an area of material or energy use of biomass.
Cascade of biomass usage paths
The biomass strategy also speaks of cascade use as an important guide. Already in the coalition agreement of the Brandenburg state parliament at the end of 2009, the cascade was specified according to which biomass should be used in Brandenburg in the future. The priorities set at that time were slightly adapted in terms of terms, but essentially remained the same. The intended usage sequence corresponds in the order of the graphic above.
The use of Renewable raw materials According to this, food security should first serve before the material and energetic use follow in subsequent stages. In the case of components of plants that are not suitable for nutrition or as a component (e.g. landscape maintenance material), bioenergy can also arise as a first stage.
Link to the complete biomass strategy as PDF
Finally, I would like to congratulate the authors on this very successful biomass strategy for the state of Brandenburg and thank you for the well-structured, precise and information-rich brochure! For much more information on the material and energetic use of biomass, click here Link to the complete biomass strategy as a PDF download. I highly recommend a look at the paper.
Further current information on the development of biomass use in Berlin-Brandenburg there is also here.