In addition to the political promotion of biomethane by the feed-in targets set by the federal government by 2020, corresponding biomethane buyers and industrial measures are needed to increase sales of bio natural gas in Germany. The natural gas mobility initiative presented at the IAA 2011 starts at this point and targets the transport sector. The Natural Gas Mobility initiative aims to increase the share of natural gas and bio natural gas in the fuel sector tenfold by 2020 and to increase it from the current 0,3% to 4%.
Bio natural gas and fossil natural gas - a strong team in the fuel market ?!
Infrastructural framework conditions that promote the energy source natural gas are generally also conducive to the “little sister” bio natural gas (see Article on bio natural gas). That is why bio natural gas can be supported to a certain extent by positive developments in the natural gas industry.
The competitive relationship that also exists between fossil and bio natural gas is thus taking a back seat and both are working towards the common goal of becoming more important in the fuel market. Biomethane is the eco or luxury product, while natural gas as CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) is the inexpensive, more established and available in large quantities fossil variant.
Together, natural and bio natural gas are a dynamic duo. Together, they serve both customers who are primarily looking for a cheap energy source for the electricity-heat fuel package (natural gas), but also offer an alternative for customers who make their energy requirements very climate-conscious and energy production at the location Want to promote Germany (bio natural gas).
In Germany, refueling natural gas or bio natural gas will be rewarded with a tax reduction until 2018 due to its better (cleaner) combustion compared to gasoline or diesel. This results in the roughly 30% lower fuel costs when refueling natural and bio natural gas.
Natural gas mobility initiative increases natural and bio natural gas to 4% by 2020
The declared goal of the Natural Gas Mobility Initiative is to work to increase the share of natural gas and bio natural gas in the German transport sector to 2020% by 4. To achieve this goal, on September 14.09.2011, XNUMX at the International Motor Show (IAA), several players came together to initiate the natural gas mobility initiative.
A merger of companies for stronger general promotion of biogas and bio natural gas already existed for the realization of the central biogas register a year ago (see Article biogas register). Mainly vehicle manufacturers, companies in the petroleum and gas industry, companies in the biogas and biofuels industry (Verbio AG) and ADAC have joined forces for the natural gas mobility initiative, in order to unlock the potential of natural gas and bio natural gas, especially in the transport sector. The initiative is once again coordinated by the German Energy Agency (DENA).
Letter of intent from the Natural Gas Mobility Initiative as a download (PDF)
Letter of intent from the Gas Mobility Initiative
Among other things, the automobile manufacturers Audi, Mercedes, Opel and Volkswagen involved in the natural gas mobility initiative are planning to launch new models with natural gas drive in the coming years, which of course can also fill up with natural gas.
Study of natural gas and biomethane in the fuel mix
DENA also published an updated version of its study "Natural gas and biomethane in the future fuel mix" in September. On 38 pages of the study, the need for action and solutions for accelerating the establishment of natural gas and bio natural gas in the transport sector are presented. An interesting read with lots of graphics around the climate-friendly fuel.
The study is available as a PDF on the DENA website ready for download.
Investments in bio natural gas infrastructure necessary
In theory, every natural gas vehicle can also be filled with bio natural gas. Bio-natural gas and fossil natural gas are identical in their chemical composition and ultimately stand for the chemical compound methane.
The qualitative and quantitative development of natural gas vehicles and the number of filling stations that offer bio natural gas influence each other proportionally. A tighter supply of petrol stations offering the cheap fuel natural gas will increase sales of natural gas vehicles because refueling will be more convenient.
Conversely, an increasing number of vehicles that can fill up with bio natural gas and thus generate demand will also result in more bio natural gas being offered at petrol stations.
This market connection between supply and demand is banal, but it confirms again how important it is to expand and invest in infrastructure if we want to achieve more bio natural gas in the transport sector.
The natural gas mobility initiative starts at both points. In 2020, around 1.4 million vehicles in Germany should be able to run on natural gas. There are currently 90.000 registered automobiles. Based on the total number of cars in Germany (45 million, as of 2009), this amount corresponds to a share of 3%.
The number of petrol stations that are currently connected to the natural gas network and can therefore also offer bio natural gas as fuel is 900. In the future, their number is expected to increase to 1.300 and thus comprise 10% of the German petrol station network.
If by 2020 only 10% of all natural gas vehicles are fueled with pure bio natural gas, this would correspond to a number of 140.000 cars that run on this climate-friendly and inexpensive biofuel.
I wish the natural gas mobility initiative every success and hope that the tax breaks for the refueling of (bio) natural gas contribute to a success story of the initiative and also of the bio fuel natural gas.