With the successful adoption of Amendment to the CHP Act last Thursday and the Entry into force of the EEG amendment At the beginning of the year, with the amendment to the EEWärmeG, the bioenergy industry is already expecting the third change in law in 2012, which can make an important contribution to strengthening bioenergy. At the parliamentary evening of Biogas council on May 24.5.2012, XNUMX in Berlin, the promotion of the renewable heat market and the amendment to the EEWärmeG were also the central issues. The evening with representatives from politics, science and business showed that the hope for the successful implementation of the EEWärmeG amendment is still justified in this legislative period.
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania has the 1st Ministry of Energy in Germany
Under the title "The amendment of the EEWärmeG in the field of tension between renewable energies and energy efficiency“The parliamentary evening took place in the state representation of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and Brandenburg.
In her greeting, Angelika Peters, the head of the Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania State Representation, reported with pride that Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania already covers 40 percent of its electrical energy needs from renewable energies (Germany 20 percent). In addition, the federal state it represents is the only one that already has an energy ministry and an energy minister.
"Energy transition is a gigantic challenge for our engineers, but also for politics"
This assessment is expressed by Peter Bleser, Parliamentary State Secretary of the BMELV, during his speech on the importance of bioenergy within the energy transition and especially in the heating market.
On current occasion, Mr. Bleser assured at the beginning that he is very confident that the new Federal Minister for the Environment and long-time friend Peter Altmaier is a pragmatic person and that he believes that he can “do a lot to cope with the energy transition”. I cannot judge whether this statement was a feat of diplomacy or genuine conviction - let's hope for the second.
In summary, State Secretary Bleser sees that Benefits of bioenergy in the course of the energy transition in its following properties:
- The decentralized bioenergy strengthens rural areas (added value, jobs) and prevents the rural exodus that takes place.
- Bioenergy is a base load capable (!) Energy that is already replacing 2.5 nuclear power plants.
- Bioenergy is storable and has the form of biomethane a high energy efficiency.
- According to Mr. Bleser's assessment, the oil peak has already been exceeded and we urgently need alternatives.
Proposed measures for the amendment to the EEWärmeG
As a summary of the previous success of the EEWärmeG, Mr. Bleser admits that the target corridor for the integration of renewable heat has not been satisfactorily reached so far. He sees the most important reason here in the restriction of the obligation to use renewable energy sources to new buildings and the possibility contained in the law to be able to replace the use of renewables with energy savings.
The path of combined promotion of more renewable energies and energy efficiency measures to reduce emissions should be maintained. Adjustments in the EEWärmeG are necessary for the target of 14 percent renewable heating and cooling by 2020. With which mix of renewable energy sources this value is reached, there should continue to be no obligations. Currently, the distribution is such that renewables make up 10.4 percent of the heat market, with 91 percent of the heat from biomass (including 12 percent) biogas) and 8.5 percent for heat from solar and geothermal energy.
The BMELV proposes the following 2012 points in a position paper from January 6 as concrete measures for changing the EEWärmeG:
- Technology-open new regulation of the duty of use in new buildings (harmonization of EnEV and EEWärmeG)
- Obligation to use renewable energies in the refurbished portfolio for the amended EEWärmeG (open to technology, feasible and affordable)
- Direct combustion of biogas in gas heating systems in the modified EEWärmeG
- Consolidation of the Market Incentive Program (MAP) as the main funding instrument
- Consideration of single room firing (ERF) in the MAP
- Alignment of the EEWärmeG with the fuel list according to 1. BImSchV
Here you can see the complete Position paper on the amendment to the EEWärmeG of the BMELV .
The BMU's experience report is urgently expected to address the amendment.
In a very personal statement, the State Secretary adds that he believes "that the world is looking at us when the energy transition takes place and that we have a great obligation to make this change."
Biogasrat publishes system study on the heating market
On behalf of the biogas council, a comprehensive study of the heating market has been drawn up and recently published by several institutes and scientists. Following on from the study, a cross-system concept was drawn up in cooperation with the German heating construction and housing sectors to increase the share of renewable energies and energy efficiency in residential buildings in Germany.
Based on the concept developed, the Biogas Council proposes the following specific measures for the amendment to the EEWärmeG:
- Implementation of an incentive program between 2013 and 2020 to promote efficient heating technology in combination with the use of renewable energies
- Mandatory renewal of heat generators from 2017
- Introduction of an obligation to use new heating systems for the use of renewable energies from 2020
- Removal of the restriction for fuels in heating systems and the opening of the heating market for the renewable energy source biomethane
- In the case of the EEWärmeG amendment, the scope of the law is to be expanded from the new building to the existing building.
A more detailed one Statement on the amendment to the EEWärmeG of the Biogasrat and the possibility to order the heat market study can be found on the website of the Biogas Council.
Reinhard Schultz, Managing Director of the Biogas Council and former member of the Bundestag, emphasizes that the amendment to the EEWärmeG must begin this year before the cold election campaign for the Bundestag election starts very quickly in 2013. The managing director was therefore particularly pleased that the new Federal Minister for the Environment, Peter Altmaier, spoke in his opening speech about the fact that the amendment to the EEWärmeG should be addressed this year.
Members of the Bundestag of the government faction plead for more educational work for the heating market
The two members of the government coalition, who were present at the parliamentary evening, also presented their approach to the best possible promotion of the heating market and the plans of their coalition to implement the EEWärmeG amendment.
So the economic policy spokesman for the CDU, dr Joachim Pfeiffer, noted in his presentation that he sees the still lacking consumer awareness of the heating market as one of the main obstacles to the rapid energy transition in this energy market.
So most drivers know very well how many liters of fuel they need on average for 100 km. Conversely, however, only a few energy consumers can give a specific number if they are asked about the consumption of kWh for heating their home. The energy awareness is not yet sufficiently differentiated at this point and more educational work is necessary.
Dr. Pfeiffer is also one of 25 members of the Bundestag political advisory board of the Bundesverband BioEnergie eV and are committed to the development of bioenergy in this way. Like that Bioenergy statement by his CDU parliamentary group colleague from the Bundestag, Thomas Bareiß, Mr. Pfeiffer also relies primarily on incentive measures and less on obligations or even bans.
The member of the Bundestag Klaus Breil has described as the energy policy spokesman for the FDP parliamentary group his position on the best possible restructuring of the heating market. As a representative of the liberals, he continues FDP member of the Bundestag Rainer Erdel strongly on the initiative of consumers and wants to promote the emergence of a momentum for taking measures.
Mr. Breil also attaches great importance to the topic of education for the heating market and relies on the improvement of energy advice and its higher acceptance rate by consumers. Independent advice (keyword: Energy advice from KfW) in the area of energy measures and energetic building renovation form the basis for acting on your own initiative.
Mr. Breil sees the long-term nature and the comparatively high investment sums that the homeowners face when it comes to energy-efficient building renovation as an important problem. Older home owners in particular are wondering whether they should tackle the high and long-term investments in energy-efficient building renovation.
"Even if nothing will happen before the summer break," both Bundestag members of the government coalition agree, "that the amendment to the EEWärmeG must still be tackled in this legislative period."
A promising final quote and I keep my fingers crossed that the first serious discussions about the amendment to the EEWärmeG will soon be followed by a debate in the political committees and in the Bundestag.