They really do exist, the municipalities in which the population is campaigning for the decentralized energy transition and is primarily relying on bioenergy for this. The presentation of the 3 winners of the federal competition “Bioenergy Villages 2012” shows which concepts and paths are being followed. BiomassMuse would also like to congratulate all winners and thank all participants for the bioenergy commitment and the courageous concepts. In addition to the bioenergy villages, there are also the subsidized ones Bioenergy regions, which are presented on their own website.
The following text comes from a press release by the specialist agency Renewable Resources (FNR).
The Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection (BMELV) marks the villages of Schlöben (Thuringia), Oberrosphe (Hesse) and Großbardorf (Bavaria) as "Bioenergy Villages 2012". With their holistic concepts, innovative technology, efficient use of resources and above-average civic engagement, the three locations were able to convince the competition jury. "Our bioenergy villages are all pioneers of the energy transition in Germany and thus a figurehead for a climate-friendly energy supply in rural areas, which is supported by broad approval from the citizens," Federal Minister of Agriculture Ilse Aigner congratulated the winners.
The “Bioenergy Villages 2012” competition recognizes the civic commitment of the local authorities and communities and helps to motivate other municipalities to switch to renewable energies. A prerequisite for participation in the competition is that the towns and communities account for more than half of their energy requirements regional biomass produce. In 2012, 41 bioenergy villages with diverse concepts applied for the award. When judging, the jury pays particular attention to the level of bioenergy supply, the sustainable use of biomass, innovative and efficient plant technology, the involvement of the population and public communication of the project. “In the future it will be more and more important to convince local people in cities and communities of energy policy innovations. The combination of citizen participation, excellent renewable energy generation and added value can make the energy transition a success. Decentralized generation and Use of bioenergy plays an essential role in the energy transition and brings many advantages to rural areas, ”said Federal Minister Aigner.
The "Bioenergy Village 2012" awards will be presented at the "BioEnergy Decentral" trade fair on November 14 in Hanover. All three municipalities receive the "Bioenergy Village 2012" award from the Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection as well as prize money of 10.000 euros. The prize money is available to the award-winning bioenergy villages for the further development of their concepts.
Bioenergy villages in 2012 are located in Thuringia, Hesse and Bavaria
Bioenergy village Schlöben (Thuringia)
The concept of Bioenergy village Schlöben is full of ideas and innovations that were inspired by the bioenergy villages of Jühnde in Lower Saxony and Güssing in Austria. In 2009, the citizens' cooperative "Bioenergiedorf Schlöben eG" was founded, in which not only all heat consumers, but also the municipality, the district and a local agricultural company are involved. A biogas plant also supplies the majority of the energy in Schlöben. The biogas produced there is fed to three satellite block-type thermal power stations in a micro gas line (CHP) forwarded, some of which produce electricity and heat for the 480 residents at several locations. In winter, a woodchip heating plant with an output of 500 kilowatts provides additional heat.
Right from the start, the Schlöben company focused on efficiency, the shortest possible transport routes and the use of synergy effects. For example, during the laying of the 5,8 km long local heating network, the energy, water and waste water lines were renovated and a broadband cable network installed. The rapeseed oil that is required for the auxiliary firing of the pilot fired combined heat and power plants is produced by a local agricultural company and is also used for the tractors. The wood chips come from the community's landscape maintenance measures and from the residual wood of the cooperative. To save electricity, citizens in Schlöben implemented numerous cost-cutting measures, such as converting street lighting to LED lamps. The residents also smooth the heating curve by heating the customers at different times.
Bioenergy village Oberrosphe (Hessen)
The Hessian Bioenergy village Oberrosphe is one of the pioneers among bioenergy villages with a cooperative organization. As early as 2005, citizens were demanding that fossil fuels be decoupled. In 2008, 123 of the 240 households and the municipal buildings could then be connected to the seven-kilometer district heating network. The heat is supplied by a wood chip plant and the combined heat and power plant of a nearby bioenergy farm that went online in 2011. The wood chips are made from crown wood and tree pruning from the surrounding communities. The local heating network and the wood chip plant are operated by a citizens' cooperative.
In addition to the combined heat and power plant, green electricity is supplied by its own photovoltaic systems and by the Marburg-Biedenkopf municipal utility. The work is done by the citizens themselves and on a voluntary basis. You also founded a network spanning eight federal states, whose members meet and exchange annually. Numerous groups of visitors from all over the world have already been inspired by the concept in Oberrosphe.
Bioenergy village Großbardorf (Bavaria)
The energy supply for the almost 950 inhabitants of Bioenergy village Großbardorf secures a biogas plant that generates electricity and heat. A wood chip boiler covers the peak load, and the heat is distributed by a local heating network. In contrast to many other projects, the biogas plant in Großbardorf was planned and dimensioned from the start for the local heat supply. It is carried jointly by 41 full-time and part-time farmers who supply the plant with substrate and spread the digestate in their fields. The substrates come exclusively from the plant owners' production, with the area share for maize in no district exceeding seven percent. To loosen up the field, flower strips are sown and the biogas substrate is supplemented by herb mixtures and, recently, giant wheat grass.
A special feature of Großbardorf is the strong sense of community entrepreneurship: citizens have invested around 2005 million euros in renewable energy projects since 15. In addition to the biogas plant and the jointly operated local heating network, a joint photovoltaic system with an installed capacity of 1,9 megawatts was created. In recent years, four smaller systems with a total nominal output of 346 kilowatts have been added. How well the concept worked in Großbardorf is also shown by the establishment of a medium-sized company with more than 130 employees, which has recognized the connection to the local heating network as a decisive location advantage.