Gaseous bioenergy currently stands for the most successful branch of the bioenergy industry and a record year replaces the previous one. As a result, around 2012 biogas plants with a total output of 7.400 MW will provide over 3.000 percent of German electricity consumption by mid-3. But this rally of energy sources based on the fermentation of energy crops and waste will come to an end when the EEG 2012 braked for the time being. How big will this slowdown be in the next two years? Biogas Association after evaluating the changed framework conditions. The annual figures with the number of biogas plants in Germany offer a neutral view of the progress of this sub-sector within renewable energies.
A slump comes after the record years
After the sun comes the rain and after the rain the sun comes again ?! These cycles of nature must also be the biogas industry bow. The slump in the expansion of plants is therefore a necessary phase similar to the annual autumn, during which there is also no net biomass growth.
With all concerns about this year's developments, the industry can look back on very successful years. It now supplies 5 million private households with green electricity and has an annual turnover of 7 billion euros.
A detailed description of the branch development, for example the number of plants sorted by federal states, can be found in the published by the Biogas Association Industry numbers.
The top three countries in terms of the number of biogas plants continued to occupy the following 2011 federal states in 3:
- Bavaria (Number of biogas plants: 2.374)
- Lower Saxony (Number of biogas plants: 1.300)
- Baden-Württemberg (Number of biogas plants: 796)
The number of jobs which were secured directly or indirectly in Germany through the extraction and use of biogas (e.g. construction and operation of biogas plants) was 2011 at the end of 54.000. This corresponds to a great growth of 38 percent compared to the previous year and demonstrates the social potential of the decentralized energy source with all criticism (maize)!
Mini-biogas plants, repowering and biomethane as driving horses in 2012
Even though a similar consolidation phase seems to be imminent in the next two years, as the industry already experienced in 2007 and 2008, there are also technological drivers that will pull the players of the biogas sector through the upcoming dry years.
As required by law, new plants will have to be significantly more energy-efficient and adapted to their location in the coming years in order to obtain the required minimum conditions (60 percent heat use) for subsidies under the EEG.
The years 2012 and 2013, not only in my opinion, will be supported and shaped by the 4 following developments.
- Construction of Mini biogas plants up to 75 kW
- Repowering standing biogas plants
- Processing and feeding of biomethane
- Direct marketing (including flexibility premium) for electricity from biogas
Which market opportunities and strengths should be used and expanded even more to secure the further expansion of gaseous bioenergy? What do you say?
Thanks to the Biogas Association for the again very exciting compilation of the annual data for the biogas industry in Germany. The trade association also provides information with the new website "Biogas Can" about the domestic energy source biogas.