In the area of supply structures (eg energy and water management), in addition to innovative technologies, changes in the legal framework are a major source of impetus for the direction of further developments. The Renewable Energies Act (EEG) has shown itself to be a successful law in the field of promoting renewable energies. The tariff rates and their optimal utilization decide for the plant operator about economic success or failure. Therefore, today I would like to present a distillate of the EEG 2009 payment system for bioenergy.
Which paragraphs of the EEG are particularly important for bioenergy?
The EEG 2009 consists of 66 paragraphs. The essential things about the remuneration structure for bioenergetic plants can be found in the paragraphs §§ 24-27 and in the appendix 1-4 of the legal text.
Remuneration rates of the EEG 2009
Below is a graphic that shows the different components of the feed composition. With remuneration point 2 (input materials) there are numerous clauses and conditions (positive list, negative list) which have to be looked up in the specific case and which were not presented here in favor of a simplified overview.
On average (medium system, medium utilization of remuneration), a biogas system can be subsidized with approximately 15 cents / kWh. There is a further subsidy of 2 cents / kWh for an integrated system for processing the biogas to natural gas quality. Further information on how decisive the influence of the remuneration structure is for the profitability of a plant, Is there ... here.
Development of the feed-in tariff over time
The law and its secured feed-in apply from 2005 to 2020. The amount of the feed-in is flexible and can be influenced by regular amendments. The prescribed rates currently apply to bioenergy with an annual reduction of 1%.
The feed-in tariff is guaranteed for the plant operator for 20 years and applies from the first day of commissioning the generator.
Legal changes to the remuneration structure of the EEG
Three federal ministries (BMU, BMELV and BMWi) may use statutory regulations to influence the remuneration structure and make adjustments to remunerated input materials and technologies. An interval of 4 years is proposed in order to allow the plant operators a certain degree of planning security. See also the article on the Impact of the 2011 EEG amendment on the biogas industry.
Other interesting legal texts on bioenergy
- Biowaste Ordinance
- Biofuels Quota Act
- Biomass flow sustainability regulation
- Biomass regulation
- Renewable Energies Act (EEG) - amendment 2009
- Energy Industry Act
- Combined Heat and Power Act (KWK)
- Circular waste management law
Clear summaries are available for many of the relevant legal texts from the Agency for Renewable Resources (FNR).